I first learned about what is called the 1898 Wilmington Race Riot in a North Carolina history class taught by Dr. Karl Campbell. The story shocked and horrified me because I care deeply about democracy and justice. After further research, I worked on a novel as a way to respond to and engage with this history.
It occurs to me that I can use this blog as a chance to share some information on this history, and as a starting place, I want to highlight some of the work available on this history, honoring the hard work and insight of others who clearly share my desire to bring this history to light.
The richest source of information on these events is the report offered by 1898 Wilmington Race Riot Commission. Here is the link: https://www.ncdcr.gov/about/history/1898-race-riot
Democracy Betrayed: The Wilmington Race Riot of 1898 and its Legacy edited by David Cecelski and Timothy Tyson, provides a concise history of the riot as well as scholarly and illuminating essays.
I recently read Ida: A Sword Among Lions, the biography of Ida B. Wells. I highly recommend it for many reasons, but it includes a glimpse into reaction to this violent coup and massacre among activists in the broader African American community at that time.
Recently North Carolina film maker Chris Everett directed and produced a documentary called Wilmington on Fire (and I had the privilege of meeting him once–what a nice guy). His film tells the history and includes special focus on the economic impact. I found it well worth watching. Find out more at this site: http://wilmingtononfire.com.
The first to write a fictional version of this event was Charles W. Chesnutt, an African American whose family witnessed this violent coup and massacre. His book, The Marrow of Tradition, offers harrowing glimpses of this time period. The Norton Critical Edition of this novel provides historical documents and literary analysis. I should note that Chesnutt changes the names of key individuals and even the name of the city.
For a fictionalized version of this history that cleaves closely to the actual history, try Philip Gerard’s Cape Fear Rising.
A middle grade/young adult novel that tells this history through the eyes of a 12-year-old African American boy is Crow by Barbara Wright.
I also liked a children’s book by Celia Bland called The Conspiracy of the Secret Nine.
Another book that was helpful to me since my main characters are well-meaning liberal white women (I know, I know) was Carla Kaplan’s Miss Anne in Harlem, exploring stories of white women drawn to African American culture at the turn of the century, which included as many cringeworthy moments as one might expect (by the so-called Miss Annes, I should add, not Kaplan, whose writing is exceptional).